Advanced Skin Analysis: (Module 3) Skin conditions related to Colour

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Description

Pigmentation & Melanogenesis

This is an 8 unit course to diagnosis of skin conditions related to COLOUR.

Pigmentation is a very common skin condition, and one that is a challenge to treat. Unevenness of skin COLOUR would be the most frequent complaint next to wrinkles from patients and clients who attend appearance medicine and skin treatment therapy clinics.

  • The Melanocyte life cycle
  • Covers the leading causes of pigmentation and the effect they have on the cells and systems of melanogenesis
  • The circulatory system and synergy with the lymphatic system
  • Angiogenesis
  • Innate and adaptive immune systems
  • Grading vascular skin conditions

1. The melanocyte life cycle
This module is a detailed overview of the melanocyte; the cell responsible for the formation of the pigment that colours hair, skin and eyes. There are 120 genes involved in it’s creation and cell movement, and consequently the potential for 120 reasons why something could go wrong. In this unit we examine the facts that confirm some of the reasons why there are so many challenges treating the skin condition pigmentation.

2. The leading causes of pigmentation and the effect they have on the melanogenesis process
We examine why the skin condition pigmentation exists if all pigment is passed to a keratinocyte and all keratinocytes desquamate. There are many reasons for this; including the abnormal increase in the pigment carrying melanosomes, chemical and hormonal triggers that cause the pituitary gland to make too much melanin stimulating hormone and the melanocyte creating an uncontrolled manufacturing of melanosomes. We will learn about the MSH cascade and other physiological events that cause the many forms of pigmentation we see on a daily basis.

3. Cellular damage and the melanocyte cell
Cellular damage will dictate the modality choice, the success of the clinical treatment as well as how many treatments may be needed to get the desired result. Understanding the levels of cellular damage will enable you to know at what level a corrective program should begin and what modalities and actives are required. Establishing the level of cellular damage is never more important than when discussing the skin condition of pigmentation. The reason for this is that if the level of damage is too high or the melanocyte cell too old, the skin condition may be untreatable.

4. Visual & diagnostic clues for pigmentation
Diagnosing pigmentation takes careful consultation to establish cause, and we will examine all the leading causes including one or more of the following: skin type and skin colour, genetics, trauma, medication, a chemical substance, hormonal imbalances, environment and essential fatty acid deficiency. This module demonstrates how to use the pattern and location of pigmentation to help remember the leading cause of the pigmentation, and ascertain the level of damage to the cells and systems of melanogenesis, and examine and identify hormonal pigmentation, (MSH cascade) solar lentigines, general sun damage, poilkioderma, post inflammatory pigmentation and more.

5. The practical assignment and assessment.
In this unit we undertake a practical assignment. Continuing to follow our virtual client through from the consultation process, and using diagnostic forms and flow charts so as to logically reach a conclusion from the wide array of information gathered. This process teaches you how to think three dimensionally and recognize the causative agents to the skin conditions.

6. The immune response
The body has two parallel circulations; vascular and the less conspicuous lymph circulation. It is important that the synergy of these two systems is understood, and the vital role they play in keeping all fluids in the body constant. They both play a major role in the transport, and care of all cells of the immune system. Discussions are continued on the important aspect of angiogenesis, and the role that this action of the wound healing response plays in accelerating vascular matting.

7. Visual analysis of vascular skin conditions
The lymph and micro circulation are part of the dermal structure, however, for a complete immune system there must be a link to the outside world. The epidermis is that link and this unit of learning will be drawing on all previous classes base knowledge of the skin barrier defence systems. Skin forms an interface between the interior of the body and the environment, because of this, it fulfills a fundamental function of protection through some well established physical, biochemical and biological systems.

8. Visual & diagnostic clues for pigmentation
Using the base knowledge gained in module one to analyse permanent diffused redness, this unit of learning continues to build your ability to accurately diagnose and grade vascular damage. Covering leading causes and aggravating factors that contribute to couprose, telangiectasia and rosacea. In addition skin disorders such as spider naevi, angiomas, capillaritis and varicose veins are discussed.

9. The practical assignment and assessment.
In this unit we undertake a practical assignment, continuing to follow our virtual client throughout the consultation process. Using diagnostic forms and Pastiche flow charts so as to logically reach a conclusion from the wide array of information gathered. This process teaches you how to think three dimensionally and recognize the causative agents to the skin conditions.

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